· Jesus teaches the wrongfulness of anger and hatred, not simply as feelings, but as deliberately chosen attitudes.
· The more serious the revenge desired or the evil wished, the more serious the sin.
· If we have hurt anyone, and they are rightfully angry at us, we should make amends.
Raqa and Gehenna
· We should not look at a person of the opposite sex with an intention to commit a sexual sin.
· We should not look at a person of the opposite sex for the purpose of exciting our own sexual desire (e.g. pornography).
· Under the Law of Moses, a man was allowed to divorce his wife by giving her a “get,” a written decree affirming that he had in fact divorced her. The woman could use the “get” to protect herself in case her ex-husband tried to deny the divorce and make her come back.
· In Jesus’ New Law, the marriage bond cannot be broken and divorce is no longer possible.
· A “divorced” person is really still married to the ex-husband or ex-wife. Hence sexual relations with a “new” husband or wife is an act of adultery.
· The “unlawful marriage” Jesus referred to was a marriage within forbidden bonds of kinship. Persons in such a marriage can divorce, because there is no real marriage to begin with.
· Every oath calls to mind the presence of God, before whom we must be perfectly truthful.
· Jesus forbad evasive oaths that avoided explicit mention of God. Such oaths were considered to be non-binding.
· If we are truthful, and we really mean “yes” or “no” when we say it, we don’t need to swear at all.
· Law of Moses: It was said, “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.”
· Jesus’ New Law: But I say to you, offer no resistance to one who is evil….
· Turn the other cheek: never seek revenge.
· Give your coat: don’t stubbornly insist on your rights.
· Go two miles: Roman soldiers had the right to force people to help them. If someone asks you to help, do it willingly, generously, and cheerfully.
6. Love for enemies
· To love one’s enemies means to wish good upon them, even if they have done evil to us.
· We should pray for our enemies and ask God to help them to be sorry for the evil they did to us or to those we love.
· Wishing good upon everyone, even upon enemies, makes us like our heavenly Father, who is good to all.